java 中 request.getSession(true、false、null)的区别

java 中 request.getSession(true/false/null)的区别



HttpSession session = request.getSession();

HttpSession session = request.getSession(true);

HttpSession session = request.getSession(false);


1.      Servlet官方文档说:

public HttpSessiongetSession(boolean create)
Returns the currentHttpSession associated with this request or, if if there is no current sessionand create is true, returns a new session.
If create is falseand the request has no valid HttpSession, this method returns null.
To make sure thesession is properly maintained, you must call this method before the responseis committed. If the Container is using cookies to maintain session integrityand is asked to create a new session when the response is committed, anIllegalStateException is thrown.
Parameters: true -to create a new session for this request if necessary; false to return null ifthere's no current session
Returns: theHttpSession associated with this request or null if create is false and therequest has no valid session

2.      翻译过来的意思是:

getSession(boolean create)意思是返回当前reqeust中的HttpSession ,如果当前reqeust中的HttpSession 为null,当create为true,就创建一个新的Session,否则返回null;


HttpServletRequest.getSession(ture)等同于 HttpServletRequest.getSession() 
HttpServletRequest.getSession(false)等同于 如果当前Session没有就为null; 

3.      使用

当向Session中存取登录信息时,一般建议:HttpSession session =request.getSession();

当从Session中获取登录信息时,一般建议:HttpSession session =request.getSession(false);

4.      更简洁的方式

如果你的项目中使用到了Spring,对session的操作就方便多了。如果需要在Session中取值,可以用WebUtils工具(org.springframework.web.util.WebUtils)的WebUtils.getSessionAttribute(HttpServletRequestrequest, String name);方法,看看源码:

public static Object getSessionAttribute(HttpServletRequest request, String name){ 

  Assert.notNull(request, "Request must not be null"); 

  HttpSession session = request.getSession(false); 

  return (session != null ? session.getAttribute(name) : null); 




WebUtils.setSessionAttribute(request, "user", User);

User user = (User)WebUtils.getSessionAttribute(request, "user");